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sábado, enero 28, 2006

 

Algunos ya se preguntan, fortalece la democracia al islamismo

Creo que la respuesta es evidente, si.
de Christian Science Monitor
Is democracy empowering Islamists?

The Palestinian vote was a win for democracy - but also for a radical group the US rejects.

By Howard LaFranchi | Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor

WASHINGTON – Palestinian voters availed themselves of the time- honored democratic right to "throw the bums out" in their first legislative elections in a decade Wednesday - exactly the kind of action implicit in President Bush's push for democracy in the Middle East.

But by snubbing the Fatah Party of US-supported Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas in favor of the radical Islamist group Hamas, Palestinians also put the Bush administration in a difficult spot.

Hamas win shatters status quo


Is democracy empowering Islamists?

The US might now seem hypocritical to many Arabs - encouraging democracy in the Middle East, while rejecting the choices that result from its exercise. At the same time, questions mount over whether Mr. Bush's campaign for democracy is encouraging the empowerment of Islamist militants across the region.

"This [election result] is really going to scare ... other governments in the region, and the Egyptians in particular are going to tell the US, 'We told you so,' " says Arthur Hughes, a former deputy assistant secretary of State for Near East affairs. "They'll see this as more evidence of what comes from our pressure to open up their societies, but they won't acknowledge that their hard-line tactics are what are leading to the growth" of Islamic extremism.

de ABC News
Arab Democracy Doesn't Always Go America's Way
Islamic Parties Have a History of Doing Well in Mideast Elections


By MICHAEL S. JAMES


Jan. 27, 2006 — President Bush has declared that spreading democracy in Iraq, the Middle East and other trouble spots will lead to a more peaceful world.

But as Hamas' victory in the Palestinian elections illustrates, holding elections is not always a simple path to stability.
"This is a very risky process, promoting democracy in the Arab world, where Islamist parties are the only legitimate alternative," said Haim Malka, a fellow with the Middle East program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington.

Recent history shows the pro-American side doesn't always win elections in the Arab world. Far from it: Besides Hamas, which has roots in the Islamist movement and Palestinian nationalism, Islamic parties have done well in recent elections in Egypt, Morocco, Iraq and elsewhere.

"Hamas' landslide victory cannot be seen in isolation from what is happening in several Arab and Muslim countries," said Fawaz Gerges, an ABC News Middle East analyst and author of "The Far Enemy: Why Jihad Went Global."

"Whether in Iraq, Egypt, Pakistan, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and now [the] Palestinian territories, Islamists have exposed the unpopularity and dismal failure of existing secular, authoritarian governments."

Es la democracia la solución, o el abandono masivo del islam?



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